The First Circuit recently addressed an issue of broad significance in class action law. It explained how a class cannot be certified when there are more than a small number of uninjured class members, and how a defendant must be allowed to demonstrate on an individual basis that class members were not injured.

United Food

One of the “hot” issues in class actions today is whether, or to what extent, a class can be defined to include members who were not injured, and do not have standing to sue. The First Circuit recently addressed this in a 2-1 decision, concluding that “class certification is permissible even if the class includes

Last week, in In re Lupron Marketing & Sales Practices Litigation, Nos. 10-2494, 11-1329, 2012 U.S. App. LEXIS 8263 (1st Cir. Apr. 24, 2012), the First Circuit issued a significant opinion providing substantial guidance on distribution of excess funds in a class action settlement on a cy pres basis. This situation typically occurs when