A recent opinion by the Western District of Pennsylvania reminded me of an interesting wrinkle of class action law:  the decertification of a class that was previously certified typically has binding impact on the class members, preventing further attempts to seek certification of the same or a similar proposed class.  But as we know from the Supreme Court’s decision last Term in Smith v. Bayer Corp., 131 S. Ct. 2368 (2011) (see my blog post about that decision), a denial of class certification does not have preclusive effect.  Why is it that a defendant who first loses on class certification and then wins later on what amounts to reconsideration (partial or complete) achieves a result that a defendant who wins on class certification the first time does not?  The reason for this is simply that the class members had adequate notice of the original certification so they are bound by the decertification.  But is there a way a defendant can achieve the same binding result when class certification is denied the first time?  Perhaps this result could be achieved by asking the court to certify a class of all would-be class representatives, solely for the purpose of deciding whether class certification is appropriate, and providing notice to that class, so that the decision on class certification is binding.  Some might call it certifying a class for the purpose of deciding whether to certify a class.  An unusual, “out of the box” defense strategy for sure, but one that might work.

The recent decision that brought these issues to the forefront of my mind is West v. CUNA Mutual Insurance Society, Civ. A. No. 11-1259, 2012 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 19512 (W.D. Pa. Feb. 16, 2012).  If you have a great memory you’ll recall my June 9, 2011 post about the Third Circuit decision in Meyer v. CUNA Mutual Insurance Society, 648 F.3d 154 (3d Cir. 2011), a disability insurance class action, in which the district court certified a class, made a coverage ruling, issued an injunction, and then decertified the class.  The Third Circuit affirmed the coverage ruling but vacated the injunction, finding it improper in light of the decertification.  West was a putative class action brought on the same issue as Meyer, alleging that the defendant continued to violate the coverage ruling made in Meyer.  In a short opinion, the Western District of Pennsylvania held that collateral estoppel barred the plaintiffs, who were members of the class that was decertified in Meyer, from pursuing class certification.

In a sense, CUNA Mutual got lucky here because the class was certified and then later decertified. This is the kind of outcome a defendant who wins class certification would love to have—the defendant would much rather not have to re-litigate class certification a number of times after winning on the issue.  One way that this might be accomplished, although I’ve never seen it done, would be by asking the court the first time around to certify a class of would-be class representatives for the purpose of rendering one dispositive, binding ruling on class certification.  If anyone is aware of this ever being sought or accomplished I’d be interested to know about it.

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Photo of Wystan Ackerman Wystan Ackerman

I am a partner at the law firm of Robinson+Cole in Hartford, Connecticut, USA.  My contact information is on the contact page of my blog.  I really enjoy receiving questions, comments, suggestions and even criticism from readers.  So please e-mail me if you…

I am a partner at the law firm of Robinson+Cole in Hartford, Connecticut, USA.  My contact information is on the contact page of my blog.  I really enjoy receiving questions, comments, suggestions and even criticism from readers.  So please e-mail me if you have something to say.  For those looking for my detailed law firm bio, click here.  If you want a more light-hearted and hopefully more interesting summary, read on:

People often ask about my unusual first name, Wystan.  It’s pronounced WISS-ten.  It’s not Winston.  There is no “n” in the middle.  It comes from my father’s favorite poet, W.H. (Wystan Hugh) Auden.  I’ve grown to like the fact that because my name is unusual people tend to remember it better, even if they don’t pronounce it right (and there is no need for anyone to use my last name because I’m always the only Wystan).

I grew up in Deep River, Connecticut, a small town on the west side of the Connecticut River in the south central part of the state.  I’ve always had strong interests in history, politics and baseball.  My heroes growing up were Abraham Lincoln and Wade Boggs (at that time the third baseman for the Boston Red Sox).  I think it was my early fascination with Lincoln that drove me to practice law.  I went to high school at The Williams School in New London, Connecticut, where I edited the school newspaper, played baseball, and was primarily responsible for the installation of a flag pole near the school entrance (it seemed like every other school had one but until my class raised the money and bought one at my urging, Williams had no flag pole).  As a high school senior, my interest in history and politics led me to score high enough on a test of those subjects to be chosen as one of Connecticut’s two delegates to the U.S. Senate Youth Program, which further solidified my interest in law and government.  One of my mentors at Williams was of the view that there were far too many lawyers and I should find something more useful to do, but if I really had to be a lawyer there was always room for one more.  I eventually decided to be that “one more.”  I went on to Bowdoin College, where I wrote for the Bowdoin Orient and majored in government, but took a lot of math classes because I found college math interesting and challenging.  I then went to Columbia Law School, where I was lucky enough to be selected as one of the minions who spent their time fastidiously cite-checking and Blue booking hundred-plus-page articles in the Columbia Law Review.  I also interned in the chambers of then-Judge Sonia Sotomayor when she was a relatively new judge on the Second Circuit, my only connection to someone who now has one-ninth of the last word on what constitutes the law of our land.  I graduated from Columbia in 2001, then worked at Skadden Arps in Boston before returning to Connecticut and joining Robinson+Cole, one of the largest Connecticut-based law firms.  At the end of 2008, I was elected a partner at Robinson+Cole.

I’ve worked on class actions since the start of my career at Skadden.  Being in the insurance capital of Hartford, we have a national insurance litigation practice and I was fortunate to have the opportunity to work on some prominent class actions arising from the 2004 hurricanes in Florida and later Hurricane Katrina, including cases involving the applicability of the flood exclusion, statutes known as valued policy laws, and various other issues.  My interest and experience in class actions gradually led me to focus on that area.

In Connecticut courts I’ve defended various kinds of class actions that go beyond insurance, including cases involving products liability, securities, financial services and consumer contracts.

My insurance class action practice usually takes me outside of Connecticut.  I’ve had the pleasure of working on cases in various federal and state courts and collaborating with great lawyers across the country.  While class actions are an increasingly large part of my practice, I don’t do exclusively class action work.  The rest of my practice involves litigating insurance coverage cases, often at the appellate level.  That also frequently takes me outside of Connecticut.  A highlight of my career thus far was working on Standard Fire Ins. Co. v. Knowles, the U.S. Supreme Court’s first Class Action Fairness Act case.  I was Counsel of Record for Standard Fire on the cert petition, and had the pleasure of working with Ted Boutrous on the merits briefing and oral argument.

I started this blog because writing is one of my favorite things to do and I enjoy following developments in class action law, writing about them and engaging in discussion with others who have an in interest in this area.  It’s a welcome break from day-to-day practice, keeps me current, broadens my network and results in some new business.

When I’m not at my desk or flying around the country trying to save insurance companies from the plaintiffs’ bar, or attending a conference on class actions or insurance litigation (for more on those, see the Seminars/Programs page of this blog), I often can be found playing or reading with my young daughter, helping my wife with her real estate and mortgage businesses, reading a book about history or politics, or watching the Boston Red Sox (I managed to find bleacher seats for Game 2 of the 2004 World Series when Curt Schilling pitched with the bloody sock).  When the weather is good I also love to take the ferry to Block Island, Rhode Island and ride a bike or walk the trails there. If you go, I highly recommend the Clay Head Trail.